Lines from an essay in criticism

Sigerist Stemmatics or stemmatology is a rigorous approach to textual criticism. Karl Lachmann — greatly contributed to making this method famous, even though he did not invent it. This specific meaning shows the relationships of the surviving witnesses the first known example of such a stemma, albeit with the name, dates from

Lines from an essay in criticism

How do we get people to understand programming? Khan Academy recently launched an online environment for learning to program. It offers a set of tutorials based on the JavaScript and Processing languages, and features a "live coding" environment, where the program's output updates as the programmer types.

Because my work was cited as an inspiration for the Khan system, I felt I should respond with two thoughts about learning: Programming is a way of thinking, not a rote skill.

Learning about "for" loops is not learning to program, any more than learning about pencils is learning to draw.

Paul Hurt on Seamus Heaney's 'The Grauballe Man' and other poems

People understand what they can see. If a programmer cannot see what a program is doing, she can't understand it. Thus, the goals of a programming system should be: JavaScript and Processing are poorly-designed languages that support weak ways of thinking, and ignore decades of learning about learning.

And live coding, as a standalone feature, misses the point. Alan Perlis wrote, "To understand a program, you must become both the machine and the program.

A person is not a machine, and should not be forced to think like one. We turn it into something that's understandable by people.

Contents The concept of a system split between the computer and the head was derived from Will Wright's thoughts on games. A programming system has two parts. The programming "environment" is the part that's installed on the computer. The programming "language" is the part that's installed in the programmer's head.

This essay presents a set of design principles for an environment and language suitable for learning. The environment should allow the learner to: The features are not the point We often think of a programming environment or language in terms of its features -- this one "has code folding", that one "has type inference".

This is like thinking about a book in terms of its words -- this book has a "fortuitous", that one has a "munificent".

Lines from an essay in criticism

What matters is not individual words, but how the words together convey a message. Likewise, a well-designed system is not simply a bag of features. A good system is designed to encourage particular ways of thinking, with all features carefully and cohesively designed around that purpose.

This essay will present many features! The trick is to see through them -- to see the underlying design principles that they represent, and understand how these principles enable the programmer to think.

Criticism Synonyms, Criticism Antonyms | iridis-photo-restoration.com

Read the vocabulary Here is a simple tutorial program that a learner might face: For the sake of comparison, the examples here will use the same languages as the Khan Academy system, JavaScript and Processing.

Before a reader can make any sense of this code, before she can even begin to understand how it works, here are some questions she will have: What does "fill" mean?

What do those numbers after "fill" mean? What do those numbers after "ellipse" mean? What units are these numbers in? What ranges are they in? Why are there so many numbers? Khan Academy's tutorials encourage the learner to address these questions by randomly adjusting numbers and trying to figure out what they do.

Imagine if you bought a new microwave, took it out of the box, and found a panel of unlabeled buttons. Imagine if the microwave encouraged you to randomly hit buttons until you figured out what they did.

Now, imagine if your cookbook advised you that randomly hitting unlabeled buttons was how you learn cooking. Make meaning transparent Learning cooking is not about guessing the functionality of your kitchen appliances. It's about understanding how ingredients can be combined.

Likewise, guessing the third argument of the "ellipse" function isn't "learning programming".Beyond Ontological Blackness: An Essay on African American Religious and Cultural Criticism (The Transatlantic Slave Trade: Bloomsbury Academic Collections) [Victor Anderson] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

In this study, Victor Anderson traces instances of ontological blackness in African American theological. Most well known for his "Obey Giant" street posters, Shepard Fairey has carefully nurtured a reputation as a heroic guerilla street artist waging a one man campaign against the corporate powers-that-be.

A comprehensive, critical analysis of poems by Seamus Heaney. Above, The Grauballe Man. Credits: Malene Thyssen Sandstone Keepsake (Station Island). Biblical criticism in its fullest comprehension is the examination of the literary origins and historical values of the books composing the Bible, with the state in which these exist at the present day.

Yes, I am so bored and so angered by how terrible this book is I have decided to point out everything I can find that is wrong with it. Prologue: Shade of Fear.

Synonyms for criticism at iridis-photo-restoration.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for criticism.

Learnable Programming