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Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society.
Although the results of criminal offences are the same, some would argue that the problem is much more complicated and demands more consideration that adult criminals.
That is, the nature and circumstances of juvenile delinquency raise into discussion several main inherent moral and ethical dilemmas: First, since children and adolescences are much more responsive to environmental pressure, one should carefully consider the motives of a young criminal.
For example, a child who cannot afford a status symbol e. The same holds true for other types of criminal offence such as drug abuse and violence. Second, minors are typically less experienced; therefore, their perception about good and bad differ from adults, and they are much more sensitive to manipulations.
It is thus a sound assumption that many of the young prisoners are growing up into a life of crime. All those factors and others imply that the juvenile justice system should be coherently different from the adult criminal justice system.
The rationale for behind giving special handling with young offenders is the idea of parens patriae the state as parent. This doctrine suggests that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and nurture children when their parents fail to do so.
Therefore, when a minor commits a crime, he should receive a treatment rather than a punishment, and the legislator must make sure that the justice system considers the well—being of the specific offender more deeply than the seriousness of the offence.
The first juvenile court was established in Chicago in Until then, minors above seven years of age were brought to trial in a regular criminal court, although many countries have already operated designated prisons for juvenile offenders. Throughout the following 50 years, the courts have evolved to a significantly different form from the rest of the system.
Most importantly was the multidimensional approach towards the child, tailoring rehabilitation programs which best fit his specific situation.
In some cases, however, young offenders were tried in criminal courts, as some still happens today. However, this approach did not prove itself as an effective solution for the rising crime rates among youth.
As a result, the contemporary juvenile justice system is similar in many ways to criminal courts.
Further changes in legislation defined a strict line towards young offenders. This approach involved, among others, reduced confidentiality for trial hearings which characterized the traditional juvenile justice system and contextual-based referral for criminal courts and adult correctional sanctioning in sharp contrast to the Act.
That is, age alone is no longer the only parameter for the type of court and the subsequent procedures and punishment methods. These changes and others, which took place during the s, have positively affected the number of crimes committed by youth and reduced the number of juvenile murderers.
Nonetheless, despite the positive results of the punitive policies during the last decade, other findings may imply that this line may worsen the situation in the long run.
Most of the criticism refers to the tendency to handle juvenile cases in the adult criminal justice and lockup systems, which may lead to increased criminal activities rather than reducing it.
Nevertheless, we should rethink and adjust the policies in reference to empirical evidence, in order to achieve the highest effectiveness of preventing juvenile offenders to lifetime criminals. The Legacy of Punitive Policy.Juvenile Justice System and Preventing Recidivism Research Paper Research Question Briefly discuss and analyze the role of the police, the courts and the Department of Corrections in .
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Research Paper on Juvenile Delinquency. Juvenile delinquency refers to antisocial and criminal behavior committed by persons under the age of Read this essay on Juvenile.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Juveniles and the justice system is the topic chosen for my research paper. According to the FBI “Juveniles (18 years) were arrested for murder, 2, for forcible rape, and 35, for aggravated assault,” these are all actions that sound.
The first court appearance and bail also play an important part in the juvenile and adult justice system. In this regard, requirements to adult offenders are also consistently stricter compared to juvenile offenders.
Abstract. The juvenile Justice System has gone through many changes in America and are represented through six main periods that will be discussed in this paper.