Just do make it clear from the beginning: I liked the novel just as much as Crime and Punishment and Notes from Undergroundand I found it just as compulsively readable. The cast of characters is magnificent.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky was born into the family of a former military physician, Mikhail Andreyevich Dostoyevsky —who practiced at the Moscow Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor.
Dostoyevsky's father was ennobled in and acquired moderate wealth; he and his wife, Mariya Fyodorovna —had three more sons and three daughters.
As a youth, Dostoyevsky lost his mother to tuberculosis and his father to an incident that officially was declared a stroke but purportedly was a homicide carried out by his enraged serfs. After spending several years at private boarding schools —Dostoyevsky studied Military Engineering in St.
Petersburg — while secretly pursuing his love for literature. He worked for less than a year as an engineer in the armed forces and abandoned that position in in order to dedicate himself fully to translating fiction and writing.
Dostoyevsky's literary debut, Bednye liudi Poor Folk,was an immense success with the public; a sentimental novel in letters, it is imbued with mild social criticism and earned enthusiastic praise from Russia 's most influential contemporary critic, Vissarion Belinsky.
But sub-sequent short stories and novellas such as "Dvoinik" The Double, —an openly Gogolesque story of split consciousness as well as an intriguing experiment in unreliable narration—disappointed many of Dostoyevsky's early admirers.
This notwithstanding, Dostoyevsky continued to consciously resist attempts to label him politically or aesthetically. Time and time again, he ventured out from grim social reality into other dimensions—the psychologically abnormal and the fantastic—for which St.
Petersburg 's eerie artificiality proved a most intriguing milieu. In AprilDostoyevsky was arrested together with thirty-four other members of the underground socialist Petrashevsky Circle and interrogated for several months in the infamous Peter-Paul-Fortress.
Charged with having read Belinsky's letter to Gogol at one of the circle's meetings, Dostoyevsky was sentenced to death. Yet, in a dramatic mock-execution, Nikolai I commuted the capital punishment to hard labor and exile in Siberia. A decade later, Dostoyevsky returned to St.
Petersburg as a profoundly transformed man.
Humbled and physically weakened, he had internalized the official triad of Tsar, People, and Orthodox Church in a most personal way, distancing himself from his early utopian beliefs while re-conceptualizing his recent harsh experiences among diverse classes—criminals and political prisoners, officers and officials, peasants and merchants.
Dostoyevsky's worldview was now dominated by values such as humility, self-restraint, and forgiveness, all to be applied in the present, while giving up his faith in the creation of a harmonious empire in the future.
The spirit of radical social protest that had brought him so dangerously close to Communist persuasions in the s was from now on attributed to certain dubious characters in his fiction, albeit without ever being denounced completely. Eager to participate in contemporary debates, Dostoyevsky, jointly with his brother Mikhail —published the conservative journals Vremya Time, —63 and Epokha The Epoch,—65both of which encountered financial and censorship quarrels.
In his semi-fictional Zapiski iz mertvogo doma Notes from the House of the Dead, —the most authentic and harrowing account of the life of Siberian convicts prior to Chekhov and Solzhenitsyn—Dostoyevsky depicts the tragedy of thousands of gifted but misguided human beings whose innate complexity he had come to respect.
One of the major conclusions drawn from his years as a societal outcast was the notion that intellectuals need to overcome their condescension toward lower classes, particularly the Russian muzhik peasant whose daily work on native soil gave him wisdom beyond any formal education.
An even more aggressive assault on mainstream persuasions was "Zapiski iz podpol'ia" "Notes from the Underground," ; written as a quasi-confession of an embittered, pathologically self-conscious outsider, this anti-liberal diatribe was intended as a provocation, to unsettle the bourgeois consciousness with its uncompromising anarchism and subversive wit.
The text's lasting ability to disturb the reader stems from its bold defense of human irrationality, viewed as a guarantee of inner freedom that will resist any prison in the name of reason, no matter how attractive i.
The year saw the completion, in a feverish rush, of two masterpieces that mark Dostoyevsky's final arrival at a form of literary expression congenial to his intentions. Prestuplenie i nakazanie Crime and Punishment analyzes the transgression of traditional Christian morality by a student who considers himself superior to his corrupt and greedy environment.
The question of justifiable murder was directly related to Russia's rising revolutionary movement, namely the permissibility of crimes for a good cause. On a somewhat lighter note, Igrok The Gambler depicts the dramatic incompatibility of Russian and Western European mentalities against the background of a German gambling resort.
Pressured by a treacherous publisher, Dostoyevsky was forced to dictate this novel within twenty-six days to stenographer Anna Grigor'evna Snitkina —who shortly thereafter became his wife. Endlessly haunted by creditors and needy family members, the Dostoyevskys escaped abroad, spending years in SwitzerlandGermanyand Italy.
They often lived near casinos where the writer unsuccessfully tried to resolve his financial ills. Against all odds, during this period Dostoyevsky created some of his most accomplished works, particularly the novel Idiotthe declared goal of which was to portray a "perfectly beautiful human being.
In the end, although conceptualized as a Christ-like figure, he causes not salvation but murder and tragedy. Dostoyevsky's following novel, Besy The Devils,was interpreted as "anti-nihilist.The Possessed, Dostoyevsky’s most confused and violent novel, and his most satisfactorily “tragic” work, began to appear in serial form in , close after the publication of The Idiot, and only a few years after the publication of Crime and Punishment in Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov: By juxtaposing Raskolnikov’s idea of morality with his underlying self-loathing, Dostoevsky establishes the central conflict of his character that will determine the punishment for his crime.
The first part of this tension is introduced when he decides to commit a murder. However, he doesn’t simply make the decision to kill Alyona Ivanovna without cause. Why should you care about Crosses and Crossing in Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment? We have the answers here, in a quick and easy way.
Characters ; Analysis ; Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory; Time; sometimes by breaking through societal boundaries, helps maximize the complexity factor in this novel.
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A book review on Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, published in Exploring the main themes in the book and how they dictated the lives of the protagonist and the other characters in the plot.
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Crime and Punishment is a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, one of the founders of the modern novel. Crime and Punishment tells the story of redemption. This novel deals with the question of responsibility for the actions of each individual, background of struggle between God, .