While there is some validity to the bread-bashing, sourdough made from your own unique starter of wild yeast and bacteria often defies the negativity, and it does so purely by its nature.
Last time, I discussed the health effects of carrageenana food additive that is commonly used as a stabilizer, thickener, or emulsifier. Another additive that shares many of these functions in commercial foods is xanthan gum, which is also popular in gluten-free baked goods for the elasticity it lends to dough.
Should you avoid xanthan gum in gluten-free baked goods? Find out in this article. Xanthan gum is a largely indigestible polysaccharide that is produced by bacteria called Xanthomonas Camestris. In one experiment, rats were fed xanthan gum for two years in concentrations of 0.
There were no differences in growth rate, survival, blood markers, organ weights or tumor incidence. Another experiment followed a similar design but used dogs instead of rats, and the results were the same: Since then, a few additional animal studies with different aims have been published.
Human studies Due to the lack of harmful effects observed in animal studies, there are few human studies on xanthan gum. The first study aimed to determine the safety of xanthan gum when consumed by humans in an everyday dietary setting, but at levels much higher than people would normally encounter in their diet.
Overall, they experienced a reduction in serum cholesterol, an increase in fecal bile acid, and an increase in stool output and water content. Another study had volunteers consume 15g of xanthan gum per day for 10 days. The researchers found that before the trial period, bacteria from the stools of only 12 of the 18 subjects could break down the xanthan gum, while after the trial period, bacteria from 16 of the subjects could break it down.
Clearly, xanthan gum like many indigestible carbohydrates can have a profound impact on the gut microbiota in large doses. Colitis in infants The only concerning research I found on xanthan gum relates to the development of necrotizing enterocolitis NEC in infants.
Earlier this year, the New York Times published an article relating the tragic deaths of infants who had developed NEC after consuming a diet of formula or breast milk that had been thickened with a xanthan gum-based product called SimplyThick.
This product was widely used in hospitals to thicken feed for infants with swallowing difficulties. None of the animal or human studies found damage to the intestinal mucosa following xanthan gum consumption, even in large doses, so this danger appears to be unique to newborns.
Wheat, corn, soy, and dairy allergies I mentioned in the opening section that xanthan gum is produced by bacterial fermentation of a sugar-containing medium.
However, they claim that the xanthan gum is still gluten-free, and it continues to be marketed as such.
Conclusion Based on the available evidence, the worst xanthan gum seems to be capable of in adults is causing some digestive distress in those who are susceptible by increasing stool bulk, water content, and sugar content.
But as I just mentioned, those with severe allergies should also be careful. Have you ever experienced any unpleasant side effects from using xanthan gum? Have I allayed your fears about this additive? Let me know in the comments below. Sign up for FREE updates delivered to your inbox.A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells..
The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the . The 5 Most Dangerous Lies You’ve Been Told About Bread Is Bread Really the Staff of Life or the Stuff of Disease?
The (Definitive) Answer Below. The Digestive System Of The Human Body Words | 5 Pages. In the human body, the human digestive system is used to process food one eats by digesting it into nutrients.
The body use nutrients for energy, growth, and cell repair, which are needed for humans to survive. This digestive system encompasses a long tube that runs from the mouth to the anus. The digestive enzyme pepsin begins to breakdown the protein in your sandwich (largely the meat and cheese with smaller amounts in the bread and vegetables).
Gastric lipase begins to digest the fats present in your cheese and mayonnaise, but does so only minimally. The Bread of Life and the Hidden Manna.
By Gary Amirault. This booklet has been written for the purpose of helping Christians find the purpose of their lives in Christ. There is discrepancy in whether what you say is true or not, regarding bacteria from meteors being the origin of human life.
In fact, Romans (NLT) says, “For ever since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky.