Bargil Pixner  claims the original Church of the Apostles is located under the current structure.
Much of the impetus for this new religion rested in issues in the Jewish religion, including a long-standing belief in the coming of a Messiah and rigidities that had developed in the Jewish priesthood.
Whether or not Christianity was created by God, as Christians believe, the early stages of the religion focused on cleansing the Jewish religion of stiff rituals and haughty leaders.
It had little at first to do with Roman culture. Christianity arose in a remote province and appealed particularly to the poorer classes. It is not easy, as a result, to fit Christianity neatly into the patterns of Roman history: It was deliberately separate, and only gradually had wider impact.
Christianity originated with Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish prophet and teacher who probably came to believe he was the Son of God and certainly was regarded as such by his disciples.
Jesus preached in Israel during the time of Augustus, urging a purification of the Jewish religion that would free Israel and establish the kingdom of God on earth. He urged a moral code based on love, charity, and humility, and he asked the faithful to follow his lessons, abandoning worldly concern.
Many disciples believed that a Final Judgment day was near at hand, on which God would reward the righteous with immortality and condemn sinners to everlasting hell. Jesus won many followers among the poor. He also roused suspicion among the upper classes and the leaders of the Jewish religion.
These helped persuade the Roman governor, already concerned about unrest among the Jews, that Jesus was a dangerous agitator. Jesus was put to death as a result, crucified like a common criminal, about A.
His fo lowers believed that he was resurrected on the third day after his death, a proof that he was the Son of God. This belief helped the religion spread farther among Jewish communities in the Middle East, both within the Roman Empire and beyond.
As they realized that the Messiah was not immediately returning to earth to set up the Kingdom of God, the disciples of Jesus began to fan out, particularly around the eastern Mediterranean, to spread the new Christian message.
Initially, Christian converts were Jewish by birth and followed the basic Jewish law. Their belief that Christ was divine as well as human, however, roused hostility among other Jews. When one early convert, Stephen, was stoned to death, many disciples left Israel and traveled throughout western Asia.
By the 4th century A.
As it spread, Christianity connected increasingly with larger themes in Roman history. With its particularly great appeal to some of the poor, Christianity was well positioned to reflect social grievances in an empire increasingly marked by inequality.
Slaves, dispossessed farmers and impoverished city dwellers found hope in a religion that promised rewards after death.
Christianity also answered cultural and spiritual needs - especially but not exclusively among the poor - left untended by mainstream Roman religion and culture.
Roman values had stressed political goals and ethics suitable for life in this world. They did not join peoples of the empire in more spiritual loyalties, and they did not offer many emotionally satisfying rituals.
As the empire consolidated, reducing direct political participation, a number of mystery religions spread from the Middle East and Egypt, religions that offered emotionally charged rituals.
Worship of gods such as Mithra or Isis, derived from earlier Mesopotamian or Egyptian beliefs, attracted some Roman soldiers and others with rites of sacrifice and a strong sense of religious community.
Christianity, though far more than a mystery religion, had some of these qualities and won converts on this basis as well.The Origins Of Christianity.
In the initial decades of the Roman Empire, at the eastern end of the. Mediterranean, a new religion, Christianity, emerged.
Much of the impetus for this new religion rested in issues in the Jewish religion, including a Early Christian communities regulated themselves, but with expansion more formal government. Most writers on Christian origins "are trained theologians, committed to certain conclusions before they begin." What "The Jesus of the Early Christians" does do is reveal in straightforward, readable prose all of the little secrets which the Christian theologians have kept out of the Sunday sermons.
For example, as Wells presents in 5/5(2). Early on, a number of related but divergent Christian communities and interpretations of the eschaton and Jesus' life and death developed during the first and early second century CE, which gradually departed from the Pharisees and other Jewish sects.
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Christian Origins. See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections. Contents WEB Jesus of Nazareth in Early Christian Gospels [Formerly "Quest for Historical Jesus"] [Website] A really useful site.
WEB The The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is part of the.
|Much of the impetus for this new religion rested in issues in the Jewish religion, including a long-standing belief in the coming of a Messiah and rigidities that had developed in the Jewish priesthood. Whether or not Christianity was created by God, as Christians believe, the early stages of the religion focused on cleansing the Jewish religion of stiff rituals and haughty leaders.|
|Ethics and Community overview Christianity developed out of Judaism in the 1st century C. It is founded on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and those who follow him are called "Christians.|
Overview Articles on Early Christian History These articles offer an overview of how early Christianity proceeded in the manner it did. Introduction: The Fractured Record. Origins of Christianity. Jump to navigation Jump to search It has been suggested that this article be split into articles titled Early Christianity, Split of The early Christian community in Jerusalem, led by James the Just, had a strong influence on Paul.