The Central Pacific began laying track eastward from Sacramento, California inand the Union Pacific started laying track westward from Omaha, Nebraska, two years later in July,
Petersen Overview Denmark is geographically the southernmost of the Nordic nations, which also include Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Its land mass includes Jutland, a peninsula extending north from Germany, and more than islands.
Denmark consists of 16, square miles 43, sq. With the exception of its mile southern border with Germany, Denmark is surrounded by water.
Sweden lies to the east across the Oresund, a narrow body of water that links the North and Baltic Seas; Norway lies to the north; and the North Sea to the west.
Denmark has nearly 4, miles of coastline, and no part of the nation is more than 30 miles from the sea. Denmark also possesses Greenland, the world's largest island, and the Faeroe Islands, both of which are semiautonomous. Denmark means "field of the Danes. Legend has it that the banner, called Dannebrog, descended from the heavens in the midst of a battle between the Danes and the Estonians on June 15, Although the smallest of the Nordic countries in terms of land mass, Denmark, with 5.
The Danish people are among the most homogeneous in the world. Almost all Danes are of Nordic stock, and most are members of the Lutheran church. In foreigners made up less than 2.
Because of the ancient practice called patronymics, whereby Peter, U s immigration 1875 1910 essay son of Jens, became Peter Jensen, many Danes have the same surname. Although a government decree in ended patronymics, some 60 percent of all present day Danish names end in "sen" with Jensen and Nielsen being the most common.
The country's official language is Danish, but many Danes, especially the young, also speak English and German. Sailing in their magnificent ships, Vikings traveled west to North America, south to the Mediterranean, and east to the Caspian Sea. They plundered, conquered, traded, and colonized.
For a brief period in the eleventh century, a Danish king ruled England and Norway. While Vikings roamed far and wide, those Danes who stayed at home cleared fields, built villages, and gradually created a nation. After a king with the colorful name of Harald Bluetooth d.
Many Vikings encountered the religion on their voyages and were receptive to it. Slowly the forces of Crown and Church helped make Denmark a major power in northern Europe.
Eventually, the growth of nationalism led Sweden to abandon the union inbut Norway and Denmark remained allied until Like much of Europe in the early sixteenth century, Denmark struggled with the religious and political issues set in motion by the Protestant Reformation.
Growing rivalry with Sweden and various rulers along the north German coast created new problems for Denmark, but the greatest international disaster to befall the country came during the Napoleonic Wars when an ill-fated alliance with France left the nation bankrupt and Norway lost to Sweden.
New threats to Danish territory soon followed from the south. After decades of intrigue and diplomatic maneuvering, Denmark and Prussia went to war in over the status of the Danish-ruled Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. The Prussians quickly gained the upper hand and Denmark was forced to surrender both Duchies.
This meant a loss of about 40 percent of its territory and more than 30 percent of its population. This defeat reduced Denmark to the smallest size in its history and dashed any remaining dreams of international power.
The nineteenth century was also a time of great domestic change for Denmark.
A liberal constitution, which took effect June 5,brought to an end centuries of absolute monarchy. Danes could now form political parties, elect representatives to a parliament, and were guaranteed freedom of religion, assembly, and speech.
The country also under-went an economic revolution. Danish farmers found it difficult to compete with the low-priced grains offered in European markets by American and Russian exports and increasingly turned to dairy and pork production.
The growth of industry attracted many job-hungry Danes to developing urban centers.Goal #2: To define relevant terms related to industrialization. Industrialization occurs when a nation's economic system decreases its reliance upon producing goods by hand and increases its reliance upon producing goods by machine..
Industries arise when huge markets of capital and labor are combined to lower production costs, raise each worker's output, and subsequently, create large. The first measure restricting immigration enacted by Congress was a law in banning American vessels from transporting Chinese immigrants to the U.S.; 20 years later Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act excluding Chinese immigrants.(Immigration) In , , and , acts passed by Congress .
The American Documents for the Study of History AMDOCS is maintained by an unfunded group of volunteers dedicated to providing quality materials for free public access, and was founded in Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. About Follow. My Account Log in View Account Log out.
The U.S. states along the border, from west to east, are California, Arizona, New Mexico, and iridis-photo-restoration.com Mexican states along the border are Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas..
Among the U.S. states, Texas has the longest stretch of the border with Mexico, while California has the shortest. Among the states in Mexico, Chihuahua has the longest border with. Also passed were the Alien Acts of , , and , prohibiting the immigration to the U.S.
of persons entering the country to work under contracts made before their arrival. In provisions were adopted to provide the expulsion for aliens.